Black Hawk or Makataimeshekiakiah (1767-1838)
(painted at Detroit, 1833. From James Otto Lews, Indian Portfolio, 1835, Philadelphia)

Black Hawk was a Sauk man known for his exploits in war. He led a group of Sauk known as the "British band," who maintained trade contacts with the British after the War of 1812. In the decades followed, he opposed removing to new lands west of the Mississippi. In 1832, Black Hawk and his band returned to Illinois at the invitation of the Potawatomi, but the governor of Illinois called up a militia to force them out and began what is called "the Black Hawk War." The American army chased the Sauk, Fox, and other Indian forces into Wisconsin, where many were killed at the Battle of Bad Axe. Black Hawk was captured, ending the war. In 1833, the captured Indian leaders were taken to Washington DC to meet with President Jackson and Black hawk was widely admired by the American people, despite having fought against them. The Indian leaders, including Black Hawk, were rele4ased by the federal government in 1837, and returned to the Sac and Fox tribe, where they were accepted back by the Sac and Fox leader Keokuk. p>

to MPM front page Ameritech Galleries Archives Resources Go to Previous Page Navigation Bar