Catalog Number : 67319
Accession Number : 29408
Tribe : Woodland
Region : Western Great Lakes
Material : Glass beads, muslin, velveteen, felt, wool yarn

This bag with full pocket has a spot-stitched beaded bottom panel with beaded tassels. The tassels are netted with strung black faceted beads and end in red and maroon yarn tassels. The mouth of the bag is constructed of panels of velveteen beaded in floral motifs and bordered with red twill tape. The beaded strap design is bilaterally symmetrical and spot stitched with similar floral motifs to those found on the bag. There is some bead loss and staining on the cotton lining on the back of the bag.

Source : Purchased by Marion Werle Jaques and donated to the MPM by her family in her honor.
Catalog Number : 67279
Accession Number : 29374
Tribe : Ojibwe
Region : Great Lakes Area
Material : Glass beads, cotton fabric, velveteen

This bag with a full pocket has a spot-stitched beaded bottom panel. Loom beaded tabs are attached to the bottom and end with purple yarn tassels. The bag exhibits a white beaded otter-tail design at the top and sides of the panel; the black velvet portion above the pocket has a floral motif. Green twill tap edges the bag. A cloth tag with the number “124” has been sewn inside the pocket with different thread than the thread used in the bag’s construction. The straps are loom beaded with asymmetrical designs, and edged with purple twill tape.


The Northeast region includes portions of southeastern Canada, and is bordered in the United States by the Mississippi River and Atlantic Coast. The tribes of this region represented in the Museum’s cradleboard collection are the Iroquois (4) and (1) Oneida example specifically, Menominee (1), Mexican Kickapoo (2), Ojibwa/Chippewa (7), Potawatomi (3), Sauk (1), and Winnebago/Ho-Chunk (3).


The Plains region stretches from the Mississippi River west into parts of southern Canada and northern Texas, to the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains. While the number of tribes and cradle styles is vast in this area, the MPM collection from this region is just six, representing the Iowa (2), Kiowa (1), Osage (1), and Sioux (2).


The Southwest stretches from Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of southeastern California to central Mexico. The MPM collection has examples from the Western Apache (1), Cochiti Pueblo (1), Hopi (8), and Navajo (1).

Great Basin

The Great Basin stretches across portions of Idaho, Montana, California, Nevada, and Wyoming. The MPM collection contains items from the Washoe (1), Paiute (1), as well as the Northern Paiute of Pyramid Lake (4) and Walker River (2) Reservations. Cradles of the Great Basin were either basket-like, woven of woody shoot materials like willow or sumac, or they were the “inverted U” shaped cradles influenced by those of the northwestern Plains. The cradles in MPM’s collection are of the first variety.


The California region includes most of the modern state, except for a portion of the north and east, which can be considered parts of other regions. Californian cradles from the Pomo (4) and Hupa (3) are included in MPM’s collection. The cradles of these groups are known by two names. They are called “sitting” cradles, because the base of the cradle forms a seat for the child, and they are also called “cradle baskets” because of their construction. This type of cradle is unique to the region.


The Plateau Region encompasses the eastern portion of Washington State, northern Idaho and Montana, as well as parts of Alberta and British Columbia. Only one cradle in MPM’s collection originates from this region, a trough-or bag-like Lillooet cradle woven in an imbricated (overlapping or scaled) design from roots and bark. The imbricated weaving technique was used by groups from the Plateau and Northwest Costal regions to make carrying containers and cradles because it created a water-tight seal. Some woven cradles included a curved wooden bow and lacing in their design.

Northwest Coast

The southernmost border of the Northwestern Coastal region lies in western Washington state and continues northward along the Pacific Ocean to southern Alaska. In addition to creating woven cradles like some groups in the Plateau region, cradles were also built out of cedar. Some were simply flat boards that were used in the same fashion as those in the Northeast; others were created out of hollowed logs.