Checklist of Wisconsin Bryophytes

This list was originally produced by John A. Christy in 1989 and based on the county distribution maps from Bowers and Freckmann (1979). Since then, it has been augmented by literature found after that publication, holdings at the Milwaukee Public Museum Herbarium (MIL), and one specimen housed at the Chicago Academy of Sciences (Splachnum ampullaceum). Examination of herbarium collections elsewhere may yield other species.

Moss Checklist

388 species including varieties

Liverwort Checklist

140 species including varieties and subspecies, also hornworts


Anderson, L. E. 1990. A checklist of Sphagnum in North America North of Mexico. The Bryologist 93:500-510.

Anderson, L. E., H. A. Crum & W. R. Buck. 1990. List of the Mosses of North America North of Mexico. The Bryologist 93:448-499.

Bowers, F. D. 1994. Bryophytes of the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore. American Journal of Botany 81:(6, suppl.)6.

Bowers, F. D. & S. K. Freckmann. 1979. Atlas of Wisconsin bryophytes. University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point Mus. Nat. Hist. Reports on the Flora Fauna of Wisconsin 16:1-135.

Bowers, F. D. & J. Kline. 1991. A preliminary survey of the bryophytes of the Sapa Bog. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Field Station Bulletin 24:15-20.

Christy, J. A., M. J. Dibben, F. D. Bowers & R. E. Andrus. 1986. Ten mosses new to Wisconsin. Evansia 3(1):12-13.

Christy, J. A. & T. A. Meyer. 1991. Bryophytes of algific talus slopes in Wisconsin's Driftless Area. Rhodora 93:242-247.

Eckel, P. M. 1998. Re-evaluation of Tortella (Musci, Pottiaceae) in conterminous U.S.A. and Canada with a treatment of the European species Tortella nitida. Bull. of the Buffalo Soc. of Nat. Sci. 36:117-191.

Hatcher, R. E. 1965. Towards the establishment of a pure culture collection of Hepaticae. The Bryologist 68:227-231. [no voucher specimens]

Horton, D. G. 1989. Annual report of the activities of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Field Station; p. 11.

Lyman, K. J. 1999. New State and County Bryophyte Reports for Wisconsin. Evansia 16(4):149-151.

Maravolo, N. C., F. D. Bowers & S. K. Freckmann. 1983. The Second Annual Midwest Bryological Foray. The Bryologist 86(3):278-279.

Miller, N. G. 1980. Quaternary fossil bryophytes in North America: Catalog and annotated bibliography. Jour. Hat. Bot. Lab. 47:1-34.

Miller, N. G. 1980. Fossil mosses of North American and their significance. Pp. 9-36 in R. J. Taylor and A. E. Leviton (eds.), The Mosses of North America. Pacific Division, American Association for the Advancement of Science, San Francisco. 170 p.

Przywara, L. & F. D. Bowers. 1992. Chromosome numbers in some bryophytes from Wisconsin. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 37(1):227-240.

Stotler, R. & B. Crandall-Stotler. 1977. A checklist of the liverworts and hornworts of North America. The Bryologist 80:405-428.