Catalog Number : E17342
Accession Number : 4615
Material : Wood, string
Catalog Number : E17341
Accession Number : 4615
Material : Wood, string
This mask may represent a male Dzunukwa. The male version of Dzunukwa is generally thought to be more alert and ferocious than his female counterpart. For more information on Dzunukwa, see section entitled "Kwakiutl Cosmology".
Catalog Number : E17340
Accession Number : 4615
Material : Wood
Identified by Barrett as a "Doctor's Mask", this character also closely resembles Gakhula the Intruder, a character commonly associated with the Southern Kwakiutl. The Intruder interrupts the normal proceedings of a ceremony and, after a mock struggle with attendants, is ejected from the building in shame. Like other characters in Kwakiutl folklore whose actions convey moral messages, Gakhula's disruptive behavior is actually intended to reinforce notions about how civilized people ought to behave in public.
Catalog Number : E17339
Accession Number : 4615
Material : Wood, paint, twine, cotton textile, plant material, metal hinges
For more information on Sisiutl, see the section entitled "Kwakiutl Cosmology".
Catalog Number : E17336
Accession Number : 4615
Material : Wood, paint, string
This mask was incorrectly identified as a "Thunderbird" mask by Samuel Barret, though a more precise identification remains forthcoming.
Catalog Number : E17333
Accession Number : 4615
Material : Wood, paint, cotton cloth, metal wire
Inheritors of Zwexwe masks are ritual specialists who assist in all major events in life, such as birth, marriage, illness, and ceremonies. According to Hawthorn (1979: 224), the Kwakiutl received this mask from the Comox Nation as a gift, and the masked characters were integrated into the Hamatsa ceremony (for more on the Hamatsa society, see the section entitled "Kwakiutl Ceremonial Life").
Catalog Number : E17332
Accession Number : 4615
Material : Wood, paint, horsehair and hide, metal nails
Fool dancers, along with dancers dressed as grizzly bears, make sure that proper etiquette is enforced during potlatches. For more on the Noohlmahl, see the section entitled "Kwakiutl Cosmology".
Catalog Number : E17330
Accession Number : 4615
Material : Wood, paint, cord
Catalog Number : E17329
Accession Number : 4615
Material : Wood, paint, horse hair and hide, metal nails
Catalog Number : E17325
Accession Number : 4615
Material : Wood, paint, cedar bark, metal nails, string
The ghosts of Kwakiutl folklore can be either benevolent or dangerous, and their appearance may be a blessing or spell disaster for those who see them. Ghosts may sing their messages to the living, and some stories state that they can bring the dead back to life with their touch. According to anthropologist Franz Boas, ghost mask dancers frequently appeared during winter ceremonies. For more on Franz Boas, see the section entitled "Kwakiutl Ethnography". For more on Winter ceremonies, see the section entitled "Kwakiutl Ceremonial Life".